Matera, the European capital of culture for 2019, is known as the city of the “Sassi”, ancient historical districts that were recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites on 9/12/1993.
The “Sassi” take the name of Caveoso and the other of Barisano and rise near a deep natural gorge “La Gravina di Matera”. Besides from the “Sassi” the city is characterized by cisterns and water collection systems. Among the many museums in the area there is the Museum of water collection. We also remember the following natural areas such as: Parco della Murgia Materana – San Giuliano Regional Reserve comprising an artificial lake, the San Giuliano dam, built as a barrier to the Bradano river – Colle di Timmari.
The site is an example of man’s living continuity from prehistoric times to the present day, made possible by a balance achieved between anthropic action and a natural ecosystem thanks to having used over time the resources provided by nature: water, soil, energy.
The living crib that takes place in the Sassi is considered the largest in the world.